Community colleges and public research universities hired 16 fewer staff per 1,000 full-time-equivalent students — and many more part-time instructors — from 2000 to 2012, concludes Labor Intensive or Labor Expensive?, a report from American Institutes for Research’s Delta Cost Project.
Faculty pay hasn’t increased, said AIR researcher Donna Desrochers. However, the cost of health coverage, pensions and other benefits have risen steadily, driving up costs. In addition, colleges and universities are adding non-teaching jobs, such as business analysts, human resource staff, counselors and health workers.
At community colleges, 58 percent of employees are instructors, a percentage that’s remained steady for 12 years. However, only 17 percent of employees were full-time faculty in 2012, down from 21 percent in 2000. There are 2.7 FTE instructors per administrator. That’s the lowest ratio of administrators to faculty in higher education.