Apprenticeships are making a comeback, often linked to community college classes, according to the Hechinger Report.
In Tacoma, Jesica Bush earns nearly $25 an hour as an apprentice iron worker while taking classes at Bates Technical College. In three years, she’ll earn a journeyman’s card and an associate degree. A seventh-grade drop-out, she completed her GED while serving a prison term for armed robbery,
A state-funded partnership among community colleges, industry and the International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers is turning out skilled workers needed by Boeing and the rest of Seattle’s aerospace industry. Ironworkers are needed to help build a $4 billion replacement for the floating 520 Bridge over Lake Washington.
Higher education, advocates say, can not only provide these newly minted workers with the critical-thinking skills they need for today’s jobs, but also leave them better prepared and more appealing to employers the next time things get tough.
. . . Machinists these days have to operate sophisticated, computer-numerical-controlled equipment like the $3 million Makino vertical machining center that Seattle apprentice Irwin Downes has learned to run at JWD Machine in Fife, Wash. The company sent Downes and two other apprentices to Ohio to learn how to run the super lathe, which can cut titanium parts on several axes at once under high heat and jet sprays. Now the three are teaching the factory’s other 42 machinists how to use the time-saving machine to make critical parts for the aerospace industry.
Downes, who is 24, also spends four hours in class one night a week at Bates Technical College. “I knew my feeds and speeds for cutting aluminum, but why is it that way?” says Downes, who previously worked in a Chinese fast-food restaurant for a year after high school. “At Bates, they break it down into a math formula and show us where the numbers come from.”
Ironworker apprentices spend 11 months on the job, often doing hard physical labor, and one month taking 6:30 a.m.-to-3:30 p.m. classes at Bates during their four-year apprenticeships. In classes, they learn to follow codes and blueprints.
The skilled workforce is aging: Half of Boeing engineers are eligible to retire by 2015, and two-thirds of the company’s entire workforce is within a decade of retirement age.
Despite high demand and high wages, young people don’t want to enter the trades unless they can earn a college degree, says Laura Hopkins, the program’s executive director. “We have to convince their counselors and teachers and parents as well that this is a good career opportunity for them and that if the economy shifts and their industry goes down, they can move on to something else with that college degree.”
Seventy-five National Community College Aerospace Scholars got the chance to spend three days at NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston designing a robotic space explorer and planning a business, reports Community College Times. Ashley Allman, who earned an associate degree in aeronautical aerospace engineering from Seattle Central Community College, helped design a mock company and build a prototype of a Mars rover.
“What we were trying to do was sell our particular rover to NASA, trying to get them to buy our concept, as if we were a company making a presentation,” Allman continues. “It was all designed to give us the kind of experience that real-world engineers would have: you have constrains, you have a budget, you have time limits and you have to present yourself.”
NASA hopes aerospace scholars will be motivated to earn a four-year degree in science or engineering, then return to intern at NASA and qualify for a full-time job
To reach out to community college students, NASA’s Undergraduate Student Research Program offers internships to prepare students for STEM careers. The Space Technologies Education Program develops advanced mechanical and electronic technology skills.
NASA’s workforce is aging.
“We are very interested in the next generation, which is why we are trying to do what we can to recruit and retain community college students to go into the sciences by providing them with competitive scholarships,” says J. Carlos Chavez, student coordinator with the Washington state NASA Space Grant Consortium.
Foothill-DeAnza Community College District (California) and the University of California at Santa Cruz have partnered with the NASA Ames Research Center to create a “sustainable community for education and research” at NASA Research Park in Silicon Valley.